Maquette is a small model used for modeling in engineering practices and represents another object, especially a larger one. It is used to represent a larger object to ordinary people and those who ask for a quick and short summery of a sketch. Maquettes are mainly statically and rigid-based structured and sometimes some moving bodies may be added, including using vehicles, boats, ships on water or sailing. Hydrodynamic maquettes are a combination of minimized structures or ambiance with dynamic or hydrodynamic motion which is the minor part of maquette and the major part of it is the structure’s motion or water. In the construction of hydrodynamic maquettes, a wide variety of engineering skills involving structure, architecture, electronics, instrumentation, automation, mechanics, chemistry, and robotics is used. Other skills might be needed if a new design is intended. It is aimed to emphasize the small scale aspect of maquette construction. However, to show some specific events, a change in dimension proportionality may be resulted.
These maquettes are used for educational applications in schools, universities, and research centers.
This maquette reflects the figure and functionality of aqueduct. In this maquette, soil layers are shown by different figures. The aqueduct is modeled using a horizontal pipe with small slope. Vertical bars of aqueduct are seen in the maquette. This maquette shows how the aqueduct works and help water extraction from underground layers without the need of equipment.
This maquette reflects the figure of a well and shows the installment and performance of electro-pump. In this maquette, soil layers are shown using different figures. The wall of pipe in the lower parts through openings can direct water from aquifers into the well.
When the electro-pump is off, water table mounts to static level and then remains there. As the electro-pump turns on, the water level goes down and remains in a level, given pump power and adjusting water extraction. In case of increase of water extraction and excessive loss of aquifer water table, pump will tend to need aeration.